The Why, When And How For Pruning Fruit Trees
Pruning encourages a fruit tree to grow vigorously. Consequently, it works to ensure the creation of more fruit.
Other benefits of pruning
It allows more sunlight to fall on the tree’s inner sections. Fruits hanging from a branch ripen faster, when the sun’s rays can reach them. It increases the amount of air that flows around the hanging fruits. That reduces the chances for the growth of fungus.
It enhances the tree’s structure. It does that by limiting the tree’s height and width. As a result, anyone that wants to pick some fruit faces fewer challenges.
When is the best time to prune a fruit tree?
Do it in late winter, when the tree’s dormancy reduces the chances for problems, following the removal of some branches. At that point in time, the leaves are gone, so the person doing the pruning can see better where a branch ought to be cut.
None of the cuts introduced in the pruned plant invite the appearance of pests or pathogens. Those do not search for a new habitat in the winter. Never prune trees in the spring or summer.
How to approach the task of pruning away branches?
Note the temperature of the air. If branches get pruned after the temperature has fallen below 20 degrees Fahrenheit, the pruned plant might struggle to recover completely. Study what is on each branch, before doing any cutting. Buds on branches can serve as a guide to the person that plans to prune off a few limbs. Tree pruning service in Palo Alto recommends that you avoid those branches that contain buds. Generally, try to cut as few branches as possible.
Do not lose track of pruning’s primary purpose: to encourage every aspect of the tree’s growth. As the buds grow and develop, they become fruits. That is why no branch that bears a bud should get cut from a fruit-bearing tree. On the other hand, it makes no sense to encourage the growth of a limb that does not carry any fruits. In late winter, it has no buds, so it should be cut from a fruit-bearing tree.
What happens if too little pruning has taken place?
In that case, the branches that were not cut from the tree keep growing. Each of them uses up energy, even if it has no buds. As a result, there is less energy that can be used for the creation and growth of buds.
When there are few buds, the future becomes uncertain. For the owner of an orchard, the future includes the harvesting of the trees’ produce. When there are few buds, then the anticipated harvest will fail to yield many fruits. In other words, failure to prune properly means less produce in the harvesters’ baskets.